In LMICs, a focus on women is a strategic and necessary high priority. They are a vulnerable population due to the gender inequities in education, economic opportunities, and social discrimination. They represent a high-risk group for both poverty and depression. Furthermore, poverty alleviation programs such as microfinance which frequently target women have been found to have positive impacts on women’s socioeconomic status and social and emotional well-being. However, few microfinance programs have integrated evidence-based mental health interventions, or evaluated such integration in a controlled study.